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Llanmartin and Llandevaud

(A description written in 1891)

A Parish 2.1/2 miles north-west from Magor station on the South Wales section of the Great Western railway and 6.1/2 east from Newport; in the Southern division of the county, lower division of Caldicot Hundred, Petty Sessional division, Union and County Court district of Newport; western division of the rural deanery of Netherwent, Monmouth archdeaconry and Llandaff diocese.

The church of St. Martin, rebuilt in the year 1858, is a building of stone in the Perpendicular style, consisting of chancel, nave, south porch and an embattled tower containing one bell: in the recess in the north wall of the chancel is an altar-tomb of the time of Henry VII, believed to have been erected to the first Sir Thomas Morgan, of Penycoed Castle; the brass with inscription is lost: there are 100 sittings. The register of Baptisms and Burials dates from the year 1778; Marriages, 1755. The living is a rectory, annexed to that of Willcrick, £142 joint yearly tithe rent-charge, with 30 acres of glebe, farms of 69 acres and residence, in the gift of Mrs Perry-Herrick, of Beaumanor Park, Loughborough, and held since 1878 by the Rev. Richard Valpy French LL.D., F.S.A., F.R.S.L., of Trinity College, Dublin. Parish Clerk: James Price.

A Mission Hall adjoins the churchyard and there is a Calvinistic Methodist chapel, recently restored.

Post Office [Llanmartin]: Thomas Handford, receiver. Letters through Newport arrive at 9.35 a.m; dispatched 5.5 p.m. The nearest money order office is at Magor; nearest telegraph office, Maindee.

Cefntillahouseandydolman2Pencoed Castle

Penycoed Castle, in this parish, is generally considered as the most ancient of the six castles of Wentwood Forest: this picturesque ruin consists chiefly of a circular arched gateway and two small pentagonal turrets, a round embattled tower and some dilapidated walls: the architecture of these fragments may be considered coeval with the first establishments of the Normans in Gwent; in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, Sir Thomas Morgan K.G., Lord of Llantarnum & Caerleon, resided here: the remains of the keep have for many years been used as a farmhouse.

Mrs Perry-Herrick, of Beaumanor, Leicestershire, is lady of the manor and principal landowner, The soil is sandy; subsoil, red sandstone. The chief crops are grain and turnips and some pasture land. The area is 941 acres; rateable value, £1,077.



A Hamlet, 1.1/2 miles north of Llanmartin, on the road from Newport to Chepstow.

Here is a church dedicated to St. Peter, rebuilt on the site of an old edifice in 1843, a building of stone, consisting of chancel, nave, south porch and western bell turret containing one bell: there are 105 sittings. The register dates from the year 1843. The living is a perpetual curacy, tithe rent-charge £30, yearly value £350, in the gift of the Bishop of Llandaff, and held since 1886 by the Worshipful George Woods M.A. of University College, Oxford, Chancellor of Llandaff, who is also rector of Kemeys Inferior and resides at Penhow.

For civil parochial purposes Llandevaud is united with Llanmartin.


National Endowed School, Llandevaud (mixed), founded & endowed by the Rev. Lewis Jones, perpetual curate of Llandevaud, in 1846, for 105 children; average attendance, 75: the school has an endowment of £19, derived from the Consols; Henry W. Maskell, master; Mrs Elizabeth Maskell, mistress.

The population of Llanmartin (including Llandevaud) in 1881 was 175.

(extracts from Kelly's 1891 Directory of Monmouthshire, transcribed by J. Doe) 

Llandevaud Memories - Growing up in Llandevaud in the last quarter of the 19th century, by William Benjamin Williams 

Llandevaud at the end of the 1800s - the social life of Llandevaud in the last decade of the 19th century, by H S Swinnerton 

Llandevaud School - A story of the village school in pictures  

Llandevaud Blind Home - an essay on the History of Welfare Work among the Blind, by H S Swinnerton 

Llandevaud  - Memories and Faces from the Past 

Humphrey's War- A First World War Memoir, by H S Swinnerton

Humphrey's War- pdf download

Maps of Llandevaud - click to enlarge








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