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Llangattock Vibon Avel

including Llanfaeneor and Newcastle

(A description written in 1891)

A Parish and Village on the old road from Abergavenny to Monmouth, 5 miles north-west from Monmouth, the nearest railway station, and 13 from Abergavenny; in the Northern division of the county, Hundred and Petty Sessional division of Skenfreth, Union and County Court district of Monmouth, Monmouth and Skenfreth highway district; eastern division of Abergavenny rural deanery, Monmouth archdeaconry and Llandaff diocese.

A feeder of the river Trothy flows through the parish.

The church of St. Cadoc, rebuilt, with the exception of the tower, in 1875, by J A Rolls Esq. in memory of his father, is an ancient building of stone, consisting of chancel, nave, north aisle and an embattled western tower containing 6 bells, 3 of which are dated 1707, the remainder having been recast during the present century: six of the windows are stained: there are several brass and stone tablets dating from the early part of the 17th century, to the memory of the Evans family, also two tablets of the present century to the Rolls family: there are 200 sittings. The register dates from the year 1683. The living a vicarage, with the chapelry of Llanfaenor and the vicarage of St. Maughan annexed, tithe rent-charge (Llangattock|) £209, joint gross yearly value £348, in the gift of John Allan Rolls Esq. and held since 1875 by the Rev. Alexander Maclaverty M.A. of Christ Church, Oxford. Parish Clerk: William Bellamore.

At LLANFAENEOR, 2 miles north-west, is an ancient Chapel of Ease, restored by subscription in 1859, and consisting of chancel, nave, south porch and a western turret containing 1 small bell: it contains two stained windows, and the flooring is of ornamental woodwork: there are 80 sittings, all free.

Charities producing about £15 are distributed yearly.

Here are several stone quarries. Near the post office is the stump of the once famous tree known as "The Glendower Oak." which has a girth of 27 feet: in the immediate vicinity is Croftyr spring, commonly called "The Wishing Wells," where formerly seven different kinds of water were supposed to exist. The Hendre, a handsome mansion of brick and stone, in the Norman and Tudor styles, is the seat of John Allan Rolls Esq. D.L., J.P., F.S.A. One of the many avenues of scotch firs planted to commemorate the Union of Scotland with England leads from the road towards the church.

NEWCASTLE (Novum Castrum), 1.1/4 miles north, is a hamlet and derives its name from the fortress which anciently stood here, surrounded by a moat: very little, however, is known of its history; it belonged to the Huntleys in the reign of King Edward III.

Post Office, Newcastle: Mrs Sarah Ann Weare, receiver. Letters from Monmouth arrive at 8 a.m; dispatched at 4.30 p.m. The nearest money order, savings bank & telegraph office is at Monmouth. Postal orders are issued here, but not paid.

Petty Sessions are held at Newcastle the last Wednesday in the month at 11.

The following parishes are included in the Petty Sessional division: - Grosmont, Llangattock-Vibon-Avel, Llangua, Llantillio Crossenny (Upper & Lower), Llanvihangel-Yestern-Llewern, St Maughans, and Skenfreth.

County Magistrates for Skenfrith Petty Sessional Division:

John Allan Rolls Esq F.S.A., D.L., The Hendre, Monmouth - Chairman

Sir Henry A Mather-Jackson, Bart. M.A., D.L., Llantillio Court, Abergavenny

Joseph Alfred Bradney Esq, B.A., D.L., Talycoed Court, Monmouth

Douglas William Graham Esq., Hilston Park, Monmouth

James Graham Esq. D.L., Hilston Park, Monmouth

Robert Newton Jackson Esq., Glenmonnow

Joseph Thomas Price Esq, Rockfield Park, Monmouth

Reginald Vaughan Esq., Glen Trothy, Abergavenny

Col. James Harford Walwyn, Croft-y-Bwla, Monmouth

Trevor Addams Williams, Monmouth - Clerk to the Magistrates


National School, for the united parishes of Llangattock-Vibon-Avel & St Maughans, is a handsome stone building, erected in 1877 by J A Rolls Esq. for 100 children; average attendance, 70; William David Lewis, master.

The Duke of Beaufort K.G. who is lord of the manor, John Allan Rolls Esq.,James Graham Esq. D.L., J.P., Colonel Evansand Henry Watkins Lewis Esq. are the principal landowners. The soil is clay; subsoil, old red sandstone and part clay. The chief crops are wheat, oats, clover and some barley. The area is 4,312 acres; rateable value, £3,376.

The population in 1881 was 485.

(extracts from Kelly's 1891 Directory of Monmouthshire, transcribed by J. Doe)




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